In which country unit banking system started?
Banks are an integral part of society and everyone knows what a bank is, but do you know what a unit banking is? And In which country unit banking system started? In this article, we will look at what is unit banking and what are its advantages and disadvantages of it.
When it comes to banks, the unit bank also comes up. Let us know what type of unit bank is and in which country the unit banking system started.
If you look at a normal bank, for example, The branches of State Bank or IDBI bank are everywhere. Even if you look at the whole country, you can see the branches of these banks. But this is not the case with Unit Bank. Unit Bank does not have any branch. The bank has only one unit which is functioning.
In this article we can understand “In which country unit banking system started”. The beginning of unit banking is in the United States. Unit Bank is very popular in the United States. Here all the banks work as unit banks. Unit banking is a system of banking in which banking services are provided in a single banking organization. All the functions of bank are carried out individually. No person or firm controls the bank.
What is Unit Banking?
In which country unit banking system started- Unit Banking System emerged in the US. The Bank Correspondents there met according to the Banking System. Through this, they send money from one place to another. Unit Banking System refers to a bank that has only one office, although some banks may open their branches in a limited area. Or other Banks in other towns and cities are appointed by these Banks as their Representative to serve the Customers in places other than their Offices.
What are the advantages of Unit Banking?
The unit banking system is seen from many angles. Unit Bank has some advantages and disadvantages.
- Benefit of Territorial Interests:
In Unit Banking practice, the Bank only looks after the economic interests of the place. Similarly, banks established in other places also continue to make financial arrangements for industries and businesses established in their respective areas. Therefore, the development of any sector cannot be stopped.
- Efficient Management and Service:
Unit Banking does not take much time in making decisions and following those decisions. In addition, equal attention is given to fulfilling the needs of the customers.
- Impact of Bank Failure:
If any of the Banks established under Unit Banking System fails, it will not have a special effect on Banks of other sectors.
- Easy Management –
Unit Bank can be managed very easily as this bank has only one unit. Since there are no other branches of the bank, the transactions are minimal and any frauds or errors can be detected and corrected immediately, so the management of these transactions is very easy.
- Local Banking –
Unit Bank is limited to a specific area so knowing the nature of living conditions of the people in that area, such services can be provided to the bank. If there is a normal bank ex. In the case of Allahabad Bank, if the bank wants to open a new branch, it has to find out the information about the area and identify its customers and sell its products. But this is not the case with Unit Bank because it is a local bank and the bank knows the needs of the people.
- Quick decisions –
In the case of another bank, decisions are made by contacting all the bank branches or the main branch. However, in the case of Unit Bank, this does not seem to be an obstacle in making a decision, so it is possible to make a quick decision.
- Personal Identity with Customer –
As Unit Bank is a local bank, each customer has an employee identity. This builds a relationship with the customer.
- Risk Reduction –
The risk is lower for a unit bank. Because it is a small bank, so the capital is also less.
- Better Service –
Unit Bank provides better services to the customers as the transactions of this bank are less, the customer base is less so good services are provided to every customer.
What are the disadvantages of Unit Banking?
The following are the drawbacks of Unit Banking:
- Limited means:
Unit Banking operates in a limited area so its financial resources are very limited. Due to this banks cannot manage sufficient funds for industry and business.
If more Banks are established in one place then there is fear of fierce competition in them. This not only creates defects in Banking Services but also weakens the organization of Banks.
If an industrial or commercial recession occurs in the area of a unit, then there is a risk of failure of Banks in that area. Unit Branch Banking Unit banks are unlikely to get any help from anywhere, hence Unit banks lack proper balance in their financial position.
In the case of a branch bank, if the bank wants to control the jar, then if the head office is controlled all the branches come under control automatically but in the case of a Unit Bank, each bank has to be controlled individually.
- Local pressure –
The unit bank appears to be under a lot of local pressure. The powerful people in the area try to put pressure on the bank to run the bank as they see fit.
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In which country unit banking system started